July 14 - July 21, 1914

AUSTRIA-HUNGARY DELIVERS ULTIMATUM TO SERBIA

"Point 6: The Serbian government should bring to trial all accessories to the Archduke's assassination and allow Austro-Hungarian law enforcement officers to take part in the investigations."

- Austro-Hungarian letter to Serbia -


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Visegrad, Austria-Hungary

Visegrad, Austria-Hungary

"So this is where I leave you, boys", said Farmer Bill as they entered the idyllic town of Visegrad.
Surrounded by green hills and accesable only through the old brick bridge built over the river xxx.

Vlad and Bete had barely escaped aprehention from the Austro Hungarian police force in Sarajevo. Bete had grabbed him and pushed him out of the rear window only moments before the police kicked in the front door.

With nothing but the clothes on their back, they had then trekked East as Bete remembered the name of a xxx who used to smuggle in workers to the capital. They managed to get out of the city before the riots turned to hunt down every last Slav.

The Austro-Hungarians had cracked down on the smuggler routes and radicals. They had reached XXX moments before Bete and Vlad showed up. The soldiers had dragged him out into the street, beaten him, and thrown him in jail for suspicion to aid in high treason.

It had been a long walk after that to reach XXX. By the time they arrived, the brother's were starving and dehydrated.

Thankfully XXX had taken them in and fed them. "Sons of Kosovo." he had called them. And cried infront of them as he told them the story of what the soldiers had done to his family. Vlad cried too.

with the help of a few farmers loyal to the cause--Farmer Bill being the latest--they had made their slow way towards the border of Serbia; To their home.

"We should have been here a week ago." Vlad whispered to Bete. "The old man took his fucking time."

Bete kicked him in the shins in return, still smiling and nodding to Farmer Bill.

"You have been nothing but the best of help, Bill." Bete said, shaking the Farmer's hand. "I wish you a speedy return."

"Get home safe, and fight the good fight, boys." Bill replied "There's a terrible storm coming, and Serbia will need all of her sons."





London, England

London, England

London





THE MEXICAN CIVIL WAR:

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Villa and Fierro served in the Constitutionalist Army opposing Huerta. Once Huerta was ousted in July 1914, Villa joined with Emiliano Zapata in the Army of the Convention and fought his former leader Venustiano Carranza and General Alvaro Obregón.




ITALY’S WAR IN LIBYA:

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Fezzan —
The 1911-12 Italian-Turkish War resulted in Italian control of three former Ottoman provinces in North Africa, but it was not the glorious imperial invasion the Italians thought it would be. Their large army was stalemated for a year by a few thousand Turks and their local allies.

Italian advance to Ghat (August) makes Tripolitania (including Fezzan) initially under Italian suzerainty, but because of the recapture of Sabha (November) by Libyan resistance men, the advance turns into retreat.[6]

Crisis Phase (October 4, 1911-March 11, 1912): Italian government troops invaded Libya on October 4, 1911, and captured Tripoli from Turkish troops on October 5, 1911. Italy formally annexed Tripoli on November 5, 1911.

Conflict Phase (March 12, 1912-April 17, 1917): Senussi tribesmen rebelled against the Italian government beginning on March 12, 1912. Government troops and Senussi tribesmen clashed near Ras al-Laban on September 17, 1912, resulting in the deaths of some 200 government soldiers and 1,200 Senussi tribesmen. Italian and Turkish representatives signed the Treaty of Lausanne on October 17, 1912, which provided for Turkish recognition of Italian sovereignty over Libyan territory. Government troops suppressed an Arab rebellion in the Tripolitanian region on March 23, 1913, and government troops occupied the Tripolitanian region. Government troops attacked Senussi tribesmen near Banna on April 13, 1913, resulting in the deaths of some 200 tribesmen. Government troops attacked Arab tribesmen near Sidi ‘Aziz on May 16, 1913, resulting in the deaths of 70 Italian soldiers. Some 3,000 Arab tribesmen led by Sheikh Suf al-Mahmudi and Sheikh Harb al-Naili fled to French Tunisia in 1913. Some 600 Arab tribesmen led by Sheikh Muhammad Abdullah al-Busayfi fled to the Fezzan region, but Sheikh al-Busayfi was killed by government troops near Mahrugah on December 24, 1913. Government troops and Senussi tribesmen clashed in the Benghazi region in February 1914, resulting in the deaths of some 280 tribesmen and 35 government soldiers. Government troops commanded by Colonel Antonio Miani occupied Ghat in the Fezzan region on August 12, 1914. Arab tribesmen rebelled against government troops in the Fezzan and Jabal regions beginning on September 28, 1914.

June 7 – Red Week after the killing of three anti-militarist demonstrators in Ancona. Many elements of the left protest and the Italian Socialist Partydeclare a general strike. Various acts of civil disobedience occur in major cities and small towns such as seizing railway stations, cutting telephone wires, and burning tax-registers. Two days later the strike was officially called off, but the civil strife continued. Militarist nationalists and anti-militarist leftists fought on the streets until the Italian Royal Army forcefully restored calm after having used thousands of men to put down the various protesting forces





SERBIAN PRIME MINISTER RESPONSE TO RUMORS:

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July Crisis – In response to rumors about an Austrian ultimatum, Serbian Prime Minister Nikola Pašić stated that he would not accept any measures that compromised Serbian sovereignty.[98]






HIS MAJESTY, KING GEORGE V INSPECTS THE ROYAL NAVY:

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British monarch George V inspected the British fleet at Spithead, which included 260 Royal Navy ships and 17 seaplanes.[100]






IRISH HOME RULE CONFERENCE AT BUCKINGHAM PALACE:

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British monarch George V summoned a conference to discuss the issues from the Irish Home Rule movement

Buckingham Palace Conference – Both Irish Nationalists and Irish Unionists met at the Royal Palace in London for a three-day peace conference. Those who attended were the Prime Minister H. H. Asquith, David Lloyd George, the Irish Parliamentary Party leader John Redmond, and his deputy John Dillon. The Unionists included Edward Carson, leader of the Irish Unionist Alliance, with Bonar Law, James Craig and Lord Henry Lansdowne. The Speaker of the House of Commons presided.[117]



AUSTRIA-HUNGARY DELIVERS ULTIMATUM:

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FOREIGN SECRETARY SIR EDWARD GREY OFFERS TO MEDIATE:

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The British cabinet, just after receiving the news of the Austrian note to Serbia, held a meeting in London, one that had previously been devoted to discussing Ireland’s desire for independence.

July Crisis – In attempt to stem the tide of emerging war, British Foreign Secretary Sir Edward Grey offered to Russia and Germany to mediate a discussion with their respective allies that would influence Austria-Hungary to back off on Serbia while allowing each nation to save face. Russian foreign minister Sergey Sazonov agreed to the offer for conference,[130] but Kaiser Wilhelm II instructed his British ambassador to reject Grey's "condescending orders".[131]

An offer from Great Britain to mediate a resolution to the political crisis between Austria-Hungary, Germany, Serbia, and Russia was rejected by Germany and Russia.

On 23 July, British Foreign Secretary Sir Edward Grey made a mediation offer with a promise that his government would attempt to influence Russia to influence Serbia, and Germany to influence Austria-Hungary as the best way of stopping a general war.[103] Wilhelm wrote on the margins of Lichnowsky's dispatch containing Grey's offer that Britain's "condescending orders" were to be totally rejected, and Austria-Hungary would not retract any of its "impossible demands" on Serbia. He continued: "Am I to do that? Wouldn’t think of it! What does he [Grey] mean by ‘impossible’?"[103] Jagow ordered Lichnowsky to tell Grey of the supposed German ignorance of the Austrian ultimatum, and that Germany regarded Austro-Serbian relations as "an internal affair of Austria-Hungary, in which we had no standing to intervene".[103] Jagow's statement did much to discredit Germany in British eyes. Lichnowsky reported to Berlin "If we do not join the mediation, all faith here in us and in our love of peace will be shattered."[103]

At the same time, Grey met with opposition from the Russian Ambassador who warned that a conference with Germany, Italy, France, and Britain serving as the mediators between Austria and Russia would break apart the informal Triple Entente.[99] Sazonov accepted Grey's proposal for a conference despite his reservations about the dangers of splitting the Triple Entente,[99] Grey wrote to Sazonov that Britain did not have a cause to war with Serbia, but subsequent developments might drag Britain into the conflict.[note 13]




















Manchester, England

Manchester, England

The tip bit scrapped hard against the back of her throat. 3 nurses held her down as the doctor forced the thick rubber tube down inside her.

"Alice, do we have to go through this every single time?" Doctor Franklin said, in a manner akin to that of a tired father lecturing an incolent child.

She made jarbgle sounds of terror in response.

The prison had been her home for 6 agonising months now. She had been arrested 5 times on accounts of vandalising government buildings. There had been three of them, Alice, Marianne, and Martha, now they were innhabitense of the same adress: XXX prison.

"This time you best keep it down, Alice." Doctor Franklin said as he signaled to the nurse to start pumping the food into her stomach.

She closed her eyes and tried to dream of her childhood home, of the garden in the back that lead to the swing on the hill. Where the majestic Oak tree stood stretching out into the blue summer skies. Where her sister had once told her about how wonderful men can be, and how babies are made.

She wondered how clean that tube really was and who it had been inside before her.

"If you would simply eat the food provided to you. by the prison. like a reasonable adult. Alice."
Doctor Franklin sighed as he kept preventing the tube from escaping out of her.

She looked up at him, tears running down her face as she tried to tell him to go to hell. the tube preventing her.

Doctor Franklin looked back down at her with pity and dissapointment in his eyes.

"I'm doing my job, Alice." he said. "What on earth are you ladies hoping to acchive with this nonsense?"